Spectrally Selective Glazings for Residential Retrofits in Cooling-Dominated Climates

TitleSpectrally Selective Glazings for Residential Retrofits in Cooling-Dominated Climates
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsEleanor S. Lee, Deborah Hopkins, Michael D. Rubin, Dariush K. Arasteh, Stephen E. Selkowitz
JournalASHRAE Transactions
Volume100
Issue1
Keywordsdeserts, domestic, energy conservation, Glazing, housing, modernising, subtropics, usa, windows
Abstract

Spectrally selective glazings can substantially reduce energy consumption and peak demand in residences by significantly reducing solar gains with minimal loss of illumination and view. In cooling-dominated climates, solar gains contribute 24–31% to electricity consumption and 40–43% to peak demand in homes with single pane clear glazing—standard practice for residential construction built before the implementation of building energy efficiency standards. The existing residential housing stock therefore offers a prime opportunity for significant demand-side management (DSM),but the energy and cost savings must be weighed against retrofit first costs in order for the technology to achieve full market penetration. Using DOE-2.1D for numerical simulation of building energy performance, we quantify the energy and peak demand reductions, cost savings, and HVAC capacity reductions using spectrally selective glazings for five cooling-dominated climates in California. The cost-effectiveness of various material and installation retrofit options is discussed. Glazing material improvements for retrofit applications that are needed to achieve a prescribed cost savings are also given.

LBNL Report Number

LBL-34455

Short TitleASHRAE Trans.